Wednesday, September 21, 2016

Protest Call and Statement against the Kaziranga Police Killings, Assam

Delhi Action Committee Against Kaziranga Police Killings, Assam

After the BJP came to power in Assam in May 2016, the state government has unleashed a reign of terror to execute its fascistic agendas. Within 2 months into power, the government opened fire and killed a 25 year old man Mintu Deuri, during a protest organized in Raha against the transfer of the site for a proposed AIIMS in the state on 15th July 2016. Now on 19 September 2016, just 34 days after the Raha incident, the police has again opened fire and killed two people - Anjuma Khatun and Fakhruddin, at a demonstration led by the Krishak Mukti Sangram Samiti (KMSS) and All Assam Minority Students' Union (AAMSU) at Banderdubi revenue village near the Kaziranga National Park. The protestors were demanding resettlement and adequate compensation against an eviction drive carried out by the mandate of the Gauhati High Court order dated 9 October 2015 which was supposed to happen two days later, i.e. on 21 September 2016 but had been preponed to avoid protests. The villagers, belonging mainly to the Muslim community of erstwhile East Bengal origin, have been residing in the village for more than half a century.

Out of the 198 displaced families from Banderdubi, around 40 have moved in with their relatives and the rest have been compelled to seek shelter in Baghmari, a nearby village under the open skies. The Deputy Commissioner of Nagaon has not yet allowed any relief measures to reach them. It must be mentioned here that the 7 Hindu families that lived in the village were informed before and were reportedly asked to move into safe places before the commencement of the forceful eviction drive, which highlights the communal agenda of the state administration. One of the most powerful ministers in the Assam government, Himanta Biswa Sarma, posted on his official Facebook page after the eviction drive that the new government would never compromise on "Jati, Mati, and Bheti" [Nationality, Land, and Home], a rhetoric of the homeland creating a paranoia against the Muslim inhabitants of erstwhile East Bengal origin, with which the BJP came to power. Thus in a true fascistic form, the repression has been accompanied with a parallel mobilisational drive, pitting one section of the society against another. Through electronic, print and social media, gross misinformation and falsehood has been consciously spread and we are told, this is a struggle to recover the Assamese nation from the outsiders – the Bangladeshis. 

During the hearing of the case, the Advocate-General acknowledged and supported the contention of the applicants that as per the revenue records, Banderdubi and Deochur Chang are two villages that have been declared as revenue village by the government (in 1961) and therefore are not part of the Kaziranga National Park which makes the eviction of any villager from the said areas illegal (GHC Order, pp. 21). However the Gauhati High Court ordered fast eviction of inhabitants in the second, third, fifth and sixth additions of the Kaziranga National Park (GHC Order, pp. 36-37). Reportedly a total of 198 families from Banderdubi, 160 from Deochur Chang and 12 from Palkhowa were evicted in this drive. These villages have been in those areas even before official recognition of Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary as a National Park, it's inhabitants are not encroachers but revenue-paying villagers.According to records these villages (Banderdubi and Deochur Chang) came into existence in 1951 and the government granted patta (land entitlements) in 1961. The names of the villagers were inserted into the voters' list in 1965 for the assembly election, and a government school was established there in 1966. On the other hand, Kaziranga was declared as a National Park by the central government on 11 February 1974. 

Section 144 had already been in place in the said areas since Saturday, 17th of September. It must be mentioned here that the villagers were willing to abide by the Gauhati High Court order and evict the land voluntarily for the cause of conservation of the national park but were simply demanding resettlement and adequate compensation and enough time to comply with the court's order. In the consequent clash between the police and the local people, the police blatantly resorted to extreme brutality, first with tear gas and then with live bullets. Apart from the casualties, five more people have been severely injured.

The rapidity and force with which the current government has deployed its fascistic agenda by using state mechanisms must be read as clear signs of impending trouble for the already much troubled people of Assam. The targeted and brazen use of police force to kill citizens in order to craft a 'nation' and society as per its skewed wishes may soon turn into an irretrievable situation. As in other parts of the country, the Assam government has been acquiring land to serve the interests of the big capital or pursue its 'developmental' policies but it has no patience to listen to toiling people when it comes to their requirements for livelihood. And to repeat an age long political cliché, nowhere in the rest of India, or the national media have we seen any reactions or responses to this incident.

In any case, why is it legitimate to kill, even if he or she is a Bangladeshi?

We demand:

1. Immediate action against the concerned security and state officials who approved the decision to open fire on unarmed and peaceful protestors.

2. Immediate compensation and rehabilitation of all the evicted people of these villages.

3. An unconditional apology by the Chief Minister and the Home Minister of Assam to the people of these villagers and the country.

4. The Government of Assam must ensure and guarantee the safety and human rights of all people, irrespective of caste, creed, sex and religion, as laid out by the Constitution of the Union of India.

We also intend to:

1. Submit a petition to the National Human Rights Commission appealing that a show-cause notice be served to the Government of Assam asking for the rationale behind the live bullet firing upon protestors.


Biswajit Bora, Shalim M. Hussain, Jyotirmoy Talukdar, Sukruta Alluri, Bonojit Hussain, Mayur Chetia, Nayan Jyoti , Lokesh, Kislay Gonsalvez, Amrapali Basumatary, Usman Jawed, Apoorva Gautam.

Sunday, September 18, 2016

Statement by ASEAK on the Delhi University copyright judgement by Delhi High Court (16 Sept 2016)

Victory for Students and Access to Knowledge in DU Copyright Case: Corporate Publishers Market ends at the gates of the University

- Association of Students for Equitable Access to Knowledge (ASEAK)

In a rare and incredible order on 16th September 2016, the Delhi High Court dismissed the copyright infringement case filed in August 2012 by Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press and Taylor and Francis Group against Rameshwari Photocopy Shop in Delhi School of Economics and Delhi University. Justice R.S. Endlaw in a 94 page long judgment interpreted the educational exception under section 52(1)(i) of the Copyright Act, 1957 as covering the act of photocopying prescribed reading material for university courses.

The publishers sought to claim damages to the tune of 60 lakh rupees from the shop citing infringement of copyright, which the publishers claimed was happening through photocopying of parts of books published by them. However, the publishers themselves stated that this suit, for them, was a test case where they wanted to introduce licensing systems across universities in India. These licensing systems intended to control the extent to which material could be photocopied and also direct a share of profit from these reproductions to the publishers. We, the Association of Students for Equitable Access to Knowledge (ASEAK) demanded to be made a defendant in this case as we believed that it is the right of students to access reading material that was at stake in this case- “Association of Students for Equitable Access to Knowledge (ASEAK) filed IA No.3454/2013 for impleadment in the present suit and which was allowed vide order dated 1st March, 2013 and ASEAK impleaded as defendant No.3.” (from the judgment). 

We at ASEAK, had maintained from the beginning that the exceptions within the Indian Copyright Act, 1957, keep reproduction of material for the purposes of education outside the purview of what constitutes copyright infringement. Sure, publishers are running profit making enterprises but universities are not a market. Students pursuing higher education in India come from starkly different socio-economic backgrounds and further, most public universities work with a severe resource crunch. This is worsened by the prohibitively high costs and very limited reach of academic books, which the publishers anyway do not seem to be producing for students. They only make it to libraries and shelves of highly paid academicians. Photocopying, then, is just a quick fix in a system which is unable to meet simple demands of students studying in universities. In this situation, to put restrictions and further try to control and profit from a system which in itself is ramshackle and can hardly be afforded by a majority of students is pure evil. 

We so far had only appealed to the court to remove a stay order which had been put on Rameshwari Photocopy shop against photocopying from books of the said publishers. The court has gone far ahead and dismissed the publishers’ case. Justice Rajiv Sahai Endlaw observed in the judgment that, “copyright, specially in literary works, is not an inevitable, divine, or natural right that confers on authors the absolute ownership of their creations. It is designed rather to stimulate activity and progress in the arts for the intellectual enrichment of the public. Copyright is intended to increase and not to impede the harvest of knowledge. It is intended to motivate the creative activity of authors and inventors in order to benefit the public”. The judgment has also observed that there is no evidence of “actionable infringement” when it comes to photocopying by the university and its agents, and therefore there is no need for trial and the “suit is accordingly dismissed”.

Thursday, September 15, 2016

बदलता वैश्विक परिवेश और भारत अमेरिका सैन्य करार

- स्वदेश कुमार सिन्हा

भारत और अमेरिका के मध्य अब तक का सबसे बड़ा सैन्य करार आज सम्पूर्ण मीडिया में चर्चा का विषय बना हुआ है। जो लोग अमेरिका तथा भारत के संबंधों की जटिलता के इतिहास से परिचित हैं उन्हे यह भी ज्ञात होगा भी सन् 2008 में अमेरिकी संविधान की धारा -123 के अन्तर्गत निर्मित ’हाइड एक्ट’ के अन्तर्गत भारत अमेरिकी परमाणु उर्जा समझौते को वामपंथियों ने राष्ट्रीय हितो की तिलांजलि देकर अमेरिकी दबाव में होने वाला समझौता कहा था तथा भाजपा के साथ मिलकर तत्कालीन कांग्रेसी सरकर को गिराने में भी कोई परहेज नही किया था। 

आज एकाएक कौन सा बृहद वैश्विक परिवर्तन हो गया कि भाजपा ने अमेरिका के साथ इतना बड़ा सैन्य करार कर लिया तथा जिसका संसद और सम्पूर्ण देश में कोई विशेष विरोध तक नही हुआ। इस समझौते से पूर्व भी दोनो देशो के बीच इसी वर्ष कई महत्वपूर्ण रणनैतिक सैन्य समझौते हुए हैं । (लाजिस्टिक सपोर्ट एग्रीमेन्ट कम्युनिकेशन इण्टरओपरीबिलिटी एण्ड सिक्युरिटी मेमोरण्डम एण्ड एग्रीमेण्ट आर बेसिक एक्सचेन्ज एण्ड कारपोरेशन एग्रीमेन्ट ) यह जून 2005 में हुए भारत अमेरिकी राजनीतिक साझेदारी की अगली कड़ी है। सन् 2013 में अमेरिकी पालिसी थिंक टैंक संस्था ’बुकलिन इन्स्टीटयूशन और इस साल कारनेगी इनडोमेन्ट आफ इन्टरनेशनल पीस’ का कार्यालय खुलना भारत की विदेश नीति को अमेरिकी विदेश नीति के अनुरूप ढ़ालने की दिशा में बढ़ाया गया कदम बताया जा रहा है। परन्तु इस वर्ष सितम्बर के पहले सप्ताह में भारत अमेरिका के बीच हुआ अब तक का सबसे बड़ा सैन्य करार ’लाॅजिरिस्क एक्सचेन्ज मेमोरण्डम आफ एग्रीमेण्ट (लेमोए) जो बृहद तथा दूरगामी परिणाम देने वाला है।

इस करार के अन्तर्गत दोनो देश मरम्मत तथा आपूर्ति के लिए एक दूसरे के सैन्य ठिकानो तथा सुविधाओ का इस्तेमाल कर सकेंगे , विशेष रूप से एक दूसरे के वायु सेना का प्रयोग भी युद्ध के दौरान कर सकेंगे। इस सम्बन्ध में अमेरिकी विदेश मंत्री ’एश्टन कार्टर ’ का कथन है ’हमने भारत को मुख्य रक्षा सहयोगी का दर्जा दिया है। अमेरिका रणनीतिक और तकनीकी क्षेत्र में भारत का सहयोग बढ़ायेगा। यह विगत पचास साल के इतिहास में बड़ा बदलाव है। भारतीय विदेश मंत्री मनोहर पार्रिकर का कथन है ’इसमें अमेरिका का भारत में सैन्य ठिकाने बनाने संबंधी किसी भी प्रकार की गतिविधि का कोई प्राविधान नही है। इस समझौते को लेकर देश तथा विदेशों में कई तरह की प्रतिक्रियाये हो रही है। भाजपा तथा संघ परिवार यह कह रहे हैं कि यह देश की बढ़ती ताकत का परिचायक है। बहुत से वामपंथी विचारक तथा उनकी पत्र पत्रिकाएँ इस समझौते को एक नई गुलामी का दस्तावेज बता रहे हैं । यह स्मरण करने की बात है कि सन् 1991 में खाड़ी युद्ध के दौरान चन्द्रशेखर सरकार द्वारा अमेरिकी विमानो में तेल भरने की घटना पर देश में बवाल मच गया था। सन् 2003 में अमेरिकी दबाव के बाद भी अटल सरकार इराक के खिलाफ लड़ाई के लिए सेना भेजने की हिम्मत नही जुटा पाई थी।

पवित्र नगरों की सियासत

- सुभाष गताड़े

जनाब अरविन्द केजरीवाल, जो पिछले दिनों पंजाब के दौरे पर थे उनके एक ऐलान ने एक पुरानी बहस को नयी हवा दी है. उन्होंने कहा कि अगर उनकी पार्टी जीतती है तो वह अमृतसर को ‘पवित्र नगर’ का दर्जा प्रदान करेगी. इतना ही नहीं वह स्वर्ण मंदिर के आसपास शराब, मीट और टुबैको के उपभोग पर भी रोक लगाएंगे.

उनके मुताबिक खालसा को जन्म देने वाले आनंदपुर साहिब को भी पवित्र नगर का दर्जा दिया जाएगा. वैसे यह पहली दफा नहीं है जब उन्होंने नगरों को ‘पवित्र’ घोषित करने की बात कही है. याद रहे जिन दिनों वह वाराणसी से चुनाव लड़ रहे थे, उन्होंने अपने बनारस संकल्प में अन्य कुछ मांगों के अलावा इस बात का भी विशेष उल्लेख किया था कि वह वाराणसी को ‘पवित्र नगरी’ का दर्जा दिलाएंगे.

ऐसा प्रतीत होता है कि न उन्होंने उस वक्त इस मसले पर विस्तार से सोचा था कि विभिन्न धर्मों, सम्प्रदायों, रूझानों से बने शहर बनारस- जहां महज हिन्दुओं एवं बौद्धों के ही सर्वोत्कृष्ट स्थान नहीं हैं, बल्कि जैनियों के कई तीर्थंकरों का जन्मस्थान भी यहीं है.

यहां तक इस्लाम के माननेवालों के भी कुछ अहम स्थान हैं इसी शहर में हैं. जिस नगर ने कबीर, रैदास एवं तुलसी जैसे महान संतो को जन्म दिया था उसकी साझी, मिलीजुली संस्कृति को ‘पवित्र नगरी’ का ओहदा देकर किसी खास इकहरी संस्कृति में ढालने का यह संकल्प किस तरह सेक्युलर भारत में विशेष धार्मिक क्षेत्रों के निर्माण के सिलसिले को तेज करेगा, उन्हें इसका तनिक भी इल्म नहीं है.

इस संदर्भ में सुप्रीम कोर्ट के रिटायर्ड जज मार्कण्डेय काटजू का बयान मौजूं है जिसमें उन्होंने स्पष्ट कहा है कि ऐसे बयान भले ही फौरी तौर पर वोटों में बढ़ोतरी कर दें, मगर वह किस तरह मुल्क के धर्मनिरपेक्ष ताने-बाने को प्रभावित करते हैं, इसे हम बाबरी मस्जिद की जगह राम मंदिर स्थापित करने के लिए चले आन्दोलन से भी देख सकते हैं.

विडम्बना ही है कि धार्मिकता का जैसा विस्फोट समूची दक्षिण एशिया में दिख रहा है, उसमें ऐसा करने की हवा सी चल पड़ी है.

2014 में ही भाजपा के पूर्ण बहुमत से सत्तारोहण के बाद गुजरात के पाटण जिले के पलीटाना नगर को, जहां जैनियों के तमाम मंदिर और तीर्थस्थल हैं, जैन साधुओं की चार दिनी भूख हड़ताल के बाद, राज्य सरकार ने ‘शाकाहारी इलाका’ घोषित कर दिया था. वहां मांसाहारी पदार्थ बेचना और बनाना अब ‘कानून के उल्लंघन’ में शुमार किया जाता है. और यह इस सबके बावजूद कि एक लाख आबादी वाले इस नगर की 25 फीसदी आबादी मुस्लिम है.

इतना ही नहीं स्थानीय सरकारी अधिकारी बताते हैं कि नगर की चालीस फीसदी आबादी मांसाहारी रही है जिनमें सिर्फ मुस्लिम ही नहीं कोली जैसे हिन्दू समुदाय भी शामिल हैं. दिलचस्प है कि इसी तरह के रुझानों के चलते वर्ष 2013 में सूबा आंध्र प्रदेश की तिरूमाला पहाड़ियों की तलहटी में तिरूपति मन्दिर से तेरह किलोमीटर दूर बन रही ‘हीरा इण्टरनेशनल इस्लामिक युनिवर्सिटी’ को बिल्कुल अलग ढंग के विरोध का सामना करना पड़ा था.

गौरतलब है कि हीरा ग्रुप जो एक ग्लोबल फार्चुन कम्पनी है और कमोडिटीज तथा शैक्षिक व्यवसाय में भी मुब्तिला है, उसके तहत मुस्लिम महिलाओं के लिए इस कालेज का निर्माण किया जा रहा था. हिन्दु साधुओं के एक हिस्से ने इस इलाके की पवित्रता की दुहाई देते हुए इस निर्माणाधीन संस्थान को वहां से हटाने की मांग की थी.

Friday, September 2, 2016

Strike Today!

All trade union federations in India, except the BMS affiliated with the RSS, have declared a one day nationwide strike on 2nd September against the price rise and economic policies of Modi government. One of the main demands is a minimum wage of Rs 18,000/ per month. At present the legal minimum wage in most of the Aountry is less than one third of this. The overwhelming majority of workers in India work for even less than the legal minimum wage. The condition of agricultural workers is the worst. In Pudducherry the legal minimum wage for agricultural workers is Rs 1650/ per month. On the other hand, if the minimum wage is calculated to provide consumption needs of three persons for fooAd, clothing, housing, education and medical expenses, then it should be around Rs 26,000/. Clearly, the economic system in the country has failed to provide even essentials of life to the most of its working people. Indian capitalism is a predatory system which feeds on the living labour of Indian people without providing them even the bare minimum needed to survive. Everybody in a working class family has to work. It is no surprise that India has the largest number of child labourers in the world. Working parents can not earn enough to take care of their children. Capitalism in India makes super profits from patriarchy and caste system. As Ambedkar said, caste is division of labourers. It divides workers and forces Dalits to do the least remunerative and dangerous work as agricultural workers, manual scavengers, sanitation workers and in other ‘untouchable’ activities. Women workers are paid a pittance. Without their unpaid extra domestic work, working class families would simply collapse. 

All governments in India favour employers over working people. The Modi government however has been specially vicious in attacking workers. It has systematically degraded the National Rural Employment Guarantee scheme by starving it of funds. The proposed GST is likely to stoke the fires of already high food inflation even higher. It has dismantled the existing labour inspection system for the sake of ‘ease of doing business’. Its law on Child labour permits children to work in household units. Make in India programme is premised upon Indian labour being cheaper than global competitors. 

The strike call of 2nd September has broken new ground. The trade union movement so far has remained confined to the organised sector which employs only seven percent of the workforce. Workers in the unorganised sector work on contract with no job security. By making the demand for a reasonable minimum wage the main slogan of the strike, trade unions have taken an important first step towards forging the class wide unity of the entire working people. 

New Socialist Initiative stands in solidarity with this strike and wishes it a grand success. The road to a society without capitalist exploitation, and which honours and justly rewards the labour of working people is long and arduous. Nationwide strikes which strengthen working class solidarity are its important milestones.

Monday, August 29, 2016

‘गाय की दुम तुम रखो, हमें हमारी जमीन दो’

सुभाष गताड़े

फैलता दलित विद्रोह और बदहवास हिन्दुत्व ..

 Radhika Vemula addresses Dalit Mahasammelan in Una, Photo Courtesy:

जब मैं पैदा हुआ तब मैं बच्चा नहीं था
मैं एक स्वप्न था, एक विद्रोह का स्वप्न
जिसे मेरी मां, जो हजारों सालों से उत्पीड़ित थी
उसने संजोया था
अब अभी भी मेरी आंखों में अछूता पड़ा है
हजारों सालों की झुर्रियों से ढंका उसका चेहरा
उसकी आंखें, आंसूओं से भरे दो तालाबों ने
मेरे शरीर को नहलाया है ….
– साहिल परमार

गाय से प्रेम, मनुष्य से नफरत ?

हर अधिनायकवादी परियोजना की विकासयात्रा में ऐसे मुक़ाम अचानक आ जाते हैं कि उसके द्वारा छिपायी गयी तमाम गोपनीय बातें अचानक जनता के सामने बेपर्द हो जाती हैं और बिगड़ते हालात को संभालना उसके लिए मुश्किल हो जाता है। हिन्दुत्व की ताकतें फिलवक्त़ अपने आप को इसी स्थिति में पा रही हैं। गुजरात में उदघाटित होते दलित विद्रोह ने उसके लिए बेहद असहज स्थिति पैदा कर दी है, जो आज भी विकसित होता दिख रहा है।

सौराष्ट्र के उना में 15 अगस्त को ‘उना अत्याचार लडत समिति; की अगुआई में पहुंची दलित अस्मिता यात्रा अब समाप्त हो गयी हो; उसमें शामिल हजारों दलित, जो राज्य के अलग अलग हिस्सों से वहां पहुंचे थे, अब भले घरों की लौट गए हों, मगर उनका यह संकल्प कि हाथ से मल उठाने, सीवर में उतर कर उसकी सफाई करने या मरे हुए पशुओं की खाल उतारने के काम को अब नहीं करेंगे, आज भी हवा में गूंज रहा है और राज्य सरकार से उनकी यह मांग, कि वह पुनर्वास के लिए प्रति परिवार 5 एकड़ जमीन वितरण का काम शुरू करे वरना 15 सितम्बर से वह रेल रोको आन्दोलन का आगाज़ करेंगे, के समर्थन में नयी नयी आवाज़ें जुड़ रही हैं।

निश्चित ही हिन्दुत्व बिरादरी के किसी भी कारिन्दे ने या उसके अलमबरदारों ने इस बात की कल्पना तक नहीं की होगी कि उनके ‘मॉडल राज्य’ /जहां ‘आप हिन्दु राष्ट में प्रवेश कर रहे हैं, ऐसे बोर्ड गांवों-कस्बों में लगने का सिलसिला 90 के दशक के अन्त में ही उरूज पर पहुंचा था/ में ही उन्हें ऐसी चुनौती का सामना करना पड़ेगा और जिससे उन्होंने बहुत मेहनत से बनाए सकल हिन्दू गठजोड़ की चूलें हिलने लगेंगी। यह उनके आकलन से परे था कि दलित – जो वर्णव्यवस्था में सबसे नीचली कतारों में शुमार किए जाते हैं – जिन्हें हिन्दुत्व की परियोजना में धीरे धीरे जोड़ा गया था, यहां तक कि उनका एक तबका 2002 के गुजरात दंगों की अल्पसंख्यक विरोधी हिंसा में भी शामिल था, वह अलसुबह बग़ावत में उठ खड़े होंगे और गरिमामय जीवन की मांग करते हुए उन्हें चैलेंज देंगे। इतनाही नहीं वह अल्पसंख्यकों को भी अपने साथ जोड़ेंगे और इस तरह हिन्दुत्व की परियोजना की जड़ पर ही चोट पहुंचाएंगे।

जैसा कि इस स्थिति में उम्मीद की जाती है, जब दलितों का यह अप्रत्याशित उभार सामने आया तो उसकी क्या प्रतिक्रिया दी जाए, इसे लेकर वह बाकायदा बदहवासी तथा दिग्भ्रम का शिकार हुए। संघ परिवार के विभिन्न आनुषंगिक संगठनों या चेहरों से जितनी विभिन्न किस्म की आवाज़ें सुनाई दी, वह इसी का प्रतिबिम्बन था। इसमें कोई दोराय नहीं कि एक साथ कई आवाज़ों में बोलना हिन्दुत्व ब्रिगेड की आम रणनीति का हिस्सा रहा है, मगर इस बार मामला वहीं तक सीमित नहीं था। सबसे बड़ा सवाल उनके सामने यही उपस्थित था कि गाय की रक्षा के नाम पर जो ‘परिवार’ के एजेण्डे को आगे बढ़ा रहे थे, ऐसे हमलावरों की हिफाजत करें, और इस तरह पीड़ितों से अपनी दूरी कबूल करे या दूसरी तरफ पीड़ितों की हिमायत करे, हमलावरों की भर्त्सना करें तथा उन पर सख्त कार्रवाई की मांग करें तथा दलितों को अखिल हिन्दु एकता सूत्र में बनाए रखने की कवायद में जुटे रहें। इस विभ्रम का असर उनके द्वारा जारी वक्तव्यों में भी दिखाई दिया जो इस अवसर पर दिए गए। एक तरफ प्रधानमंत्राी थे जिन्होंने इस घटना के लम्बे समय बाद अपनी चुप्पी तोड़ी और यहां तक कहा कि गोरक्षा के नाम पर अधिकतर असामाजिक तत्व सक्रिय हैं और बताया कि वह गृह मंत्रालय को सूचित करनेवाले हैं कि वह ऐसे तत्वों के बारे में दस्तावेज तैयार करें। प्रधानमंत्राी मोदी के बरअक्स उनके पूर्वसहयोगी विश्व हिन्दू परिषद के लीडर भाई तोगडिया का रूख था, जिन्होंने गोरक्षकों पर लांछन लगाने की निन्दा की और ऐसी कार्रवाई को ‘हिन्दू विरोधी’ कहा। यह दिग्भ्रम समझ में आने लायक था।

दरअसल, ऊना की घटना के बहाने हाल के समयों में यह पहली बार देखने में आ रहा था कि हिन्दुत्व ब्रिगेड अगर अपने एक अहम एजेण्डा – जो गाय के इर्दगिर्द सिमटा है और जिसने उसे राजनीतिक विस्तार में काफी मदद पहुंचायी है – को आगे बढ़ाने की कोशिश करती है तो एक संभावना यह बनती है कि हिन्दु एकता कायम करने के उसके इरादों में दरारें आती हैं। /सुश्री विद्या सुब्रम्हण्यम अपने उत्तर प्रदेश की राजनीति पर केन्द्रित अपने एक आलेख में इस स्थिति को ‘ए रिवर्स राम मंदिर मोमेन्ट’ कहती हैं – देखें: ी ref=topnavwidget&utm_source=topnavdd&utm_medium=topnavdropdownwidget&utm_campaign=topnavdropdown / उन्मादी ‘गोरक्षकों’ के हमलों का शिकार दलितों के अलावा – जो ‘परिवार’ की राजनीति से ही तौबा कर रहे हैं – किसान आबादी का बड़ा हिस्सा भी गाय के इर्दगिर्द हो रही हिन्दुत्व की राजनीति से परेशान है क्योंकि वह अपने उन पशुओं को बेच पाने में असमर्थ है या उसे उन्हें बहुत कम कीमत पर बेचना पड़ रहा है – जो बूढ़े हो चुके हैं या जिन्होंने दूध देना बन्द कर दिया है। इतनाही नहीं मीट के व्यापार में लगे पंजाब के व्यापारियों ने पिछले दिनों प्रेस कान्फेरेन्स कर इन स्वयंभू गोरक्षकों की हिंसक कार्रवाइयों से अपने व्यवसाय में उन्हें उठाने पड़ रहे नुकसान को रेखांकित करते हुए प्रेस सम्मेलन किया। कहां धार्मिक हिन्दू गाय की पूछ के सहारो वैतरणी पार करने की बात करता है और अब यह आलम था कि हिन्दू धर्म एवं राजनीति के संमिश्रण के सहारे लोकतंत्र में अपनी जड़ ज़माने वाले लोगों के लिए गाय की वही पूछ उनके गले का फंदा बनती दिख रही है। हिन्दुत्व की मौजूदा स्थिति को सन्त तुलसीदास की चौपाई बखूबी बयां करती है ‘भयल गति सांप छछुंदर जैसी ..’

Thursday, August 25, 2016

Dalit Uprising and After- Why Hindutva Would Not Be The Same Again

- Subhash Gatade
When I was born I was not a child
I was a dream, a dream of revolt
that my mother, oppressed for thousands of years,
Still it is untouched in my eyes
Covered with wrinkles of thousand years, her face
her eyes, two lakes overflowing with tears
have watered my body…..
– Sahil Parmar*
 Well known Gujarati poet Sahil Parmar’s poem ‘When I Was Born’ perhaps reverberates these days in Gujarat when we are witnessing a Dalit Upsurge- a first of its kind at least in that regions history. It will be a talk of folklore for times to come how flogging of dalits in a village in Saurashtra by Hindutva fanatics suddenly erupted into a mass movement of dalits which could catch imagination of the people cutting across different sections of society. An attempt is being made here to understand the dynamics of the movement and its likely impact on the future trajectory of Hindutva.
Love Cows, Hate Human Beings ?
There are moments in the trajectory of any authoritarian/fascist/rightwing project where one of its closely guarded secrets suddenly tumbles out in the open and then it becomes difficult for it to fix it. The Hindutva brigade today finds itself in a similar situation – thanks to the dalit upsurge in Gujarat which is still unfolding before our eyes.
The historic march to Una town of Saurashtra region- under the banner of Una Atyachar Ladat Samiti might be over ; thousands and thousands of dalits who had gathered there from different parts of the state and outside might have returned home but their resolve not to undertake the despicable caste practice of manual scavenging and disposing of cattle carcasses still reverberates all over the state. And their demand before the state government that within next one month – by 15 th of September – it starts distributing five acres of land to each rural dalit family for rehabilitation is reaching far and wide and gathering fresh support.
None from the Hindutva fraternity had ever imagined that in their so called ‘model state’  itself , they would be faced with such a challenge which would put their carefully crafted pan Hindu social coalition to test. It was  beyond their comprehension that dalits – the most downtrodden section in the Varna hierarchy – who had been slowly roped in down the years in the Hindutva politics and a section amongst them had also become a party to the anti-minority violence in 2002, would one fine morning turn their backs on them and would readily join hands with the ‘other’ demanding a life of human dignity and putting in jeopardy the very raison detre of the project.
And as can be expected in such a situation, they literally floundered when they were asked to react to this  uprising.  The multiple voices which emerged from the broader ‘Parivar’ were an indication of their confusion.
No doubt talking in multiple tongues has always been part of their overall strategy but this time it also demonstrated  disorientation in their own ranks.  The moot question became whether to uphold the perpetrators – who were following the script – or support the victims. And thus one found the Prime Minister exposing majority of the cow vigilantes as being anti social elements and asking the home department to prepare a dossier about them and another significant leader of the same ‘family’ denouncing such characterisation as being ‘anti-Hindu’. The confusion was understandable. In fact, it was for the first time in recent times that Hindutva Supremacists are discovering that the more they push one of their key agenda centering around cow politics – which has served them well till date – the more there is possibility that their dream of Hindu Unity would see further fissures.  ( Vidya Subrahmaniam describes it as ‘A reverse Ram Mandir Moment’ in her article on present situation in UP. ref=topnavwidget&utm_source=topnavdd&utm_medium=topnavdropdownwidget&utm_campaign=topnavdropdown) Apart from Dalits, who have come under increasing attack at the hands of overzealous ‘cow protectors’ and are slowly turning against the ‘Parivar’ itself , large section of peasant population is peeved over the fact that politics around cow has  made their life miserable as they are not able to do away with cattles who have become old or have stopped producing milk. One of the couplets by Saint Tulsidas captures Hindutva’s plight beautifully ‘Bhayal Gati Saap Chachunder Jaisi..‘.
Rashtravadi toh hamare saath hain, humein Dalit aur pichchde ko saath lana hai.
Everybody knows that there was nothing ‘unusual’ – as far as depradations unleashed by Hindutva fanatics under the name of cow protection were concerned – about what happened to dalits from Mota Samadhiyala village when they were skinning a dead cow.
One can recollect that such attacks were common even in those days when BJP did not have majority of its own at the centre. A classic example has been killing of five dalits in Dulina (Jhajjar ) – hardly fifty kilometres away from the national capital – who were similarly skinning dead cows, by a cow vigilante mob (2003) before Dulina police station itself with leading officers of the police and administration remaining mute witnesses. A leading Hindutva leader ( dead sometime back) even ‘justified’ the killings by citing reference to ancient Hindu sciptures claiming that in ‘Puranas cows were more valued than human beings’. The killings definitely led to an outrage, there were few symbolic arrests as well but the commotion died down soon and in fact the perpetrators of this massacre were decorated as ‘cow protectors’.
In fact, most such earlier attacks in recent times had been rather more brutal. To name a few, lynching of two young men near Latehar after their brutal torture near Latehar, Jharkhand by cow vigilantes ; killing an adolescent near Udhampur who was sleeping in truck by throwing petrol bomb under the suspicion that the truck was carrying beef ; near riot like situation which emerged in Palwal, Haryana because of cow vigilantes attack on a truck carrying meat or the way two transporters were fed cow dung laced with urine when they were found transporting cattles for sale near Gurgaon. Scan the internet to watch the ‘valour’ of these fanatics and you will find scores of such criminal attacks on innocents. Videos after videos are available which show how these self proclaimed cow protectors brutalised people for carrying cows from one place to other or because of suspicion that they were carrying beef and how their has been no action against them from the law and order people.
But thrashing of Dalits from Mota Samadhiyala village by cow vigilantes, uploading the video of their ‘valour’ on social media has proved to be a turning point.
Anybody can see that the Dalit Uprising which the Una incident has triggered has inadvertently or so unearthed the ‘well guarded secret’ behind this exclucivist project – where it is clear even to a layperson now that for Hindutva, dalits or other marginalised are lesser human beings or the ‘other’, whatever might be its claims about the great samrasta it upholds. There is a growing realisation that the formal posturing of Hindutva politics, where it is presented /understood in the form of religious imaginaries where ‘minorities- may be Muslim or Christian – are portrayed as the ‘other’ is one thing but essentially the whole idea of Hindu Rashtra is an attempt to further legitimise the Brahminical project of hegemonising and homogenising of Indian society where secondary position of Dalits has received religious sanction also. An inkling of how they view Dalits and the backwards – when they are talking among themselves – can be had from the recent comments by PM Modi when he spoke at length at a meeting which was attended by 400 top leaders of the BJP, at the end of the15 day patriotism drive. Newspaper reports tell us that he called on his party to continue playing Nationalism card which is ‘central to the BJP’s ideology.’ Perhaps the most telling comment made by him was the following : “Rashtravadi toh hamare saath hain, humein Dalit aur pichchde ko saath lana hai.” The nationalists are with us, we need to bring Dalits and backward groups.” (
Was it just slip of tongue or an admission of the truth that for Hindutva  non-backwards, non-dalits i.e. upper castes have sole claim over nation and dalits as well as backwards to be outside its purview who need to be brought closer. (
Perhaps a marker of their continuing indifference or disdain towards the plight of the dalits ( forget those bollywood type dialogues where it was declared that ‘Shoot Me but Do Not Shoot My Dalit Brothers’) could also be gauged from the fact that when the Dalit Upsurge was at its peak in the state, the provocative statement by one of their own MLAs from Telangana who ‘justified’ the beatings and uploaded a video on facebook did not prompt them to take any action. His words were “Jo Dalit gaye ke maas ko le ja raha tha, jo uski pitai hui hai, woh bohut hi achhi hui hai [Those Dalits who were taking the cow, the cow meat, those who were beaten, it was a very good thing to happen],”(

Tuesday, July 26, 2016

[वक्तव्य] गोरक्षा का आतंक

क्या केसरिया पलटन गाय के नाम पर फैलायी जा रही संगठित हिंसा से कभी तौबा कर सकेगी

(न्यू सोशलिस्ट इनिशिएटिव द्वारा जारी वक्तव्य )

(For English Version, see the Link HERE )

गोरक्षा के नाम पर स्वयंभू हथियारबन्द गिरोहों की अत्यधिक सक्रियता, जिसमें जबरदस्त तेजी भाजपा के केन्द्र में सत्तासीन होने के बाद आयी है, उसे एक मुंहतोड़ जवाब पिछले दिनों गुजरात में मिला। जिस बेरहमी से शिवसेना से सम्बद्ध एक गोरक्षक दल ने  उना में दलितों के समूह पर हमला किया, (11 जुलाई 2016) जो मरी हुई गाय की खाल उतार रहे थे, उन्हें सार्वजनिक तौर पर पीटा और गोहत्या का आरोप लगा कर उन्हें पुलिस स्टेशन तक ले गए और इस समूची घटना का विडिओ बना कर सोशल मीडिया पर भी डाला ताकि और आतंक फैलाया जा सके, उस घटना ने जबरदस्त गुस्से को जन्म दिया है।

हजारों हजार दलित सूबे के अलग अलग हिस्सों में सड़कों पर उतरे हैं, उन्होंने सरकारी दफ्तरों का घेराव किया है, सरकारी सम्पत्ति को नुकसान पहुंचाया है, पूरे राज्य स्तर पर बन्द का आयोजन किया है और सरकार को झुकाने की कोशिश की है। उन्होंने दोषियों को सख्त सज़ा देने की सरकार से मांग की है और साथ ही साथ उन पुलिस एवं प्रशासनिक अधिकारियों के खिलाफ कार्रवाई करने की मांग की है, जिन्होंने दलितों की शिकायत की अनदेखी की, जब उन्हें प्रताडित किया जा रहा था।
प्रतिरोध कार्रवाइयों का सिलसिला अभी थमा नहीं है। दलित अभी भी गुस्से में हैं। विरोध रैलियांे का अभी भी आयोजन हो रहा है।

उना में दलित अत्याचार की घटना का विरोध करते हुए लगभग तीस दलित युवकों ने एक सप्ताह के अन्दर आत्महत्या करने की कोशिश की है। अलग अलग राजनीतिक दलों के लोगों ने दलितों से अपील की है कि वह ऐसे कदम को न उठाएं और शान्तिपूर्ण तरीके से संघर्ष जारी रखें। निस्सन्देह, उना की घटना और उसके बाद नज़र आए दलित आक्रोश ने एक तरह से दलित आन्दोलन के एक नए मुक़ाम का आगाज़ किया है क्योंकि दलितों को यह बात अन्ततः समझ में आयी है कि हिन्दुत्व की सियासत किसी भी मायने में दलितों की हितैषी नहीं है और वह शुद्धता और प्रदूषण पर आधारित जाति व्यवस्था को अधिक मजबूत करती है। हिन्दुत्व की राजनीति के साथ दलितों का बढ़ता मोहभंग उस घटना में भी उजागर हुआ जब विरोध प्रदर्शनों का सिलसिला मोदी के गृहनगर वाडनगर में पहुंचा जहां हजारों दलितों ने उग्र प्रदर्शन में हिस्सा लिया और दलितों पर अमानवीय अत्याचार के लिए प्रधानमंत्राी मोदी और भाजपा को सीधे जिम्मेदार ठहराया। इस घटना के विडिओ दिखाते हैं कि प्रदर्शन में शामिल दलित हाय रे मोदी .... हाय हाय रे मोदी का नारा लगा रहे थे - यह उस नारे का संशोधित रूप था जिसे महिलाएं हिन्दुओं के अंतिम संस्कार के प्रदर्शन में लगाती हैं। दलितों के इस गुस्से ने अस्सी के दशक की शुरूआत में दलितों की पुरानी पीढ़ी के लोगों द्वारा किए गए लड़ाकू प्रदर्शनों की याद ताज़ा कर दी जब वे आरक्षण की नीति की हिमायत में सड़कों पर उतरे थे और उन्होंने हिन्दुत्ववादी संगठनों का सीधे मुकाबला किया था।

यह समूची उथलपुथल आम दलितों के लिए भी - जिनकी आबादी लगभग आठ फीसदी तक है और जो लम्बे समय से हिन्दुत्ववादी संगठनों के नफरत एवं असमावेश के प्रोजेक्ट में लगभग समाहित थे - सीखने का अनुभव रहा है। प्रदर्शनकारियों द्वारा अपनाए गए संघर्ष के एक रूप ने सत्ताधारी तबके को काफी बेचैन किया है और जिस रूप के राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर फैलाव की सम्भावना बनती है। इसके तहत उन्होंने मरी हुई गायों को लाकर सरकारी दफ्तरों  जानेमाने नेताओं के घरों के सामने फेंका है, जिन्हें वहां से हटाना भी प्रशासन के लिए टेढ़ी खीर साबित हुआ है। दलितों के अच्छे खासे हिस्से ने मरी हुई गायों को उठाना भी बन्द कर दिया है और यह ऐलान भी कर दिया है कि अब वह भले ही भूख से मर जाएं मगर इस पेशे को कभी नहीं अपनाएंगे। दरअसल, इस कदम से दलितों ने मनुवादी/ब्राहमणवादी ताकतों को एक चेतावनी दी है कि जिस दिन वह उन गन्देकामों को करना बन्द कर देंगे, जिसके लिए उन्हें लांछन लगाया जाता है, वर्ण समाज के लिए प्रलय जैसी स्थिति पैदा होगी। संघर्ष के इस रूप की अगुआई कर रहे एक कार्यकर्ता ने एक पत्रकार से बात करते हुए कहा कि उन्होंने यह कदम इसलिए उठाया है ताकि स्वयंभू गोभक्तों को सबक सीखाया जा सकेः गोरक्षक हम पर हमला करते हैं क्योंकि वह समझते हैं कि गाय उनकी माता है, ठीक है, अब उन्हें चाहिए कि अपनी माता की सेवा करे औरजब वह मरे तो उसकी लाश को उठाएं’ (

मीडिया के अलग अलग हिस्सों में प्रकाशित फैक्ट फाइंडिंग रिपोर्टें बताती हैं कि किस तरह पुलिस ने इन अत्याचारियों को रास्ते में नहीं रोका और मामूली प्रथम सूचना रिपोर्ट लिखवाने के लिए घंटों बरबाद किए। ऐसी अपुष्ट ख़बरें भी मिली हैं कि स्थानीय पुलिस ने गोरक्षक दल को खुद सूचित किया था कि मरी हुई गाय की खाल उतारी जा रही है। समूचे मामले में स्थानीय पुलिस की संलिप्तता एवं सांठगांठ इस बात से भी उजागर होती है कि विडिओ के रूप में समूची घटना के प्रमाण मौजूद होने के बावजूद - जो उजागर करते हैं कि दलितों पर सार्वजनिक अत्याचार की इस घटना में तीस से अधिक लोग शामिल थे - उसने सिर्फ आठ लोगों को गिरफतार किया है और यह प्रमाणित करने में लगी है कि यह अपवादात्मक घटना है।

दलितों के बढ़ते आक्रोश ने, जिस दौरान राज्य सरकार गोया शीतनिद्रा में रही, उसने ऐसी तमाम अन्य घटनाओं को उजागर किया है जब गोरक्षकों ने दलितों पर हमले किए थे और पुलिस ने पीड़ितों की शिकायत लेने में भी नानुकुर की थी। इस घटना ने दलितों के रोजमर्रा के अपमान एंव भेदभाव, सामाजिक जीवन में मौजूद व्यापक अलगाव एवं अस्प्रश्यता, बुनियादी मानवाधिकार से उन्हें किया जा रहा इन्कार और हाल के वक्त़ में अत्याचारों की घटनाओं में हुई जबरदस्त बढ़ोत्तरी की परिघटना को नए सिरेसे रेखांकित किया है और इस बात को भी दर्शाया है कि किस तरह इस बढ़ते आतंक को रोकने के लिए अधिक सक्रिय कदम उठाने के मामले में सत्ताधारी जमातें असफल रही हैं।

Monday, July 25, 2016

[Statement] Cow Vigilantism as Terror: Can the Saffron Establishment ever wash its hands of the growing menace?

- New Socialist Initiative

Cow vigilantism which has received tremendous boost since the ascendance of BJP at the centre got its first fitting reply in Gujarat recently. The way in which a self-proclaimed Gau Rakshak Dal - owing allegiance to Shiv Sena - attacked a group of Dalits in Una (11 th July 2016) who were skinning a dead cow, publicly flogged them, led them to the police station charging them with cow slaughter and even circulated a video of the whole incident on social media to spread further terror, has caused tremendous uproar.

Thousands and thousands of Dalits have come out on streets in different parts of the state, gheraoed government offices, damaged government property, enforced state-wide bandh and tried to bring the government to its knees, demanding severe punishment to the guilty and strict action against the police and government officials who failed to act upon their complaint when they were being publicly brutalised. 

The wave of protests has still not ebbed. The anger still simmers. Protest rallies still continue. 

There have been thirty incidents of suicide attempts by Dalit youth protesting the Una incident within a span of just one week. People across political spectrum are appealing to the angry youth not to resort to this extreme step and continue with peaceful struggle. Undoubtedly, Una incident and the consequent dalit assertion is proving to be a great turning point in the history of the dalit movement as Dalits have ultimately realised that politics of Hindutva is no friend of dalits and in fact, it is geared towards strengthening and further consolidating the purity and pollution based caste system.The growing disenchantment of Dalits with the politics of Hindutva was very much evident when their protests reached Narendra Modi's home town of Vadnagar itself where thousands of dalits participated in a militant demonstration blaming the Prime Minister himself and BJP for the brutal thrashing of Dalits. Videos of the protest showed many Dalit people shouting, “Hai re Modi...hai-hai re Modi,” - modification of a slogan used by women during Hindu funeral processions. The outrage has rekindled memories of the militant assertion in early eighties led by the earlier generation of young dalits wherein they had fought to defend policy of reservation and also dared to take on the Hindutva formations head-on. 

It has also been a great learning experience for ordinary dalits in the state who comprise around eight per cent of the population and who were largely co-opted by the Hindutva formations in their project of hate and exclusion. One unique form of struggle adopted by the protesters this time has rattled the ruling elite tremendously and has the potential of nationwide resonance. It involved throwing of carcasses of dead cows at government offices, outside the houses of prominent politicians, removal of which became a strenuous affair even for the establishment. A large section among them have even boycotted work of collecting dead bovines and have even declared that henceforth they are ready to die of hunger but would not take up the occupation again. In fact, by this simple act Dalits have rather issued a warning to the Manuvadi/Brahminical forces that the day they resolve to leave all those 'dirty' professions. for which they are stigmatised, a catastrophe like situation awaits them. One of the activists who 'pioneered' this unique form told a correspondent that they have stopped doing it to teach them a lesson

Fact finding reports which have appeared in sections of the media tell how the police did not stop the perpetrators on their way and also took hours to lodge a simple FIR and arrest the criminals. There are even unconfirmed reports that local police had even tipped the Gau Rakshak Dal about the skinning of the dead cow. The complicity and connivance of the local police is evident also in the fact that despite enough proof available with it in the form of the video of the incident about involvement of more than thirty people in the thrashing incident, it has kept number of arrests limited at eight only and is trying to portray it as an one off incident.

The unfolding dalit outrage which found the state government in deep slumber has brought to the fore many other similar recent incidents where Dalits had come under attack at the hands of Gau Rakshaks and the silence maintained by the police which had even refused to entertain complaints lodged by the victims. It has also given a vent to pent up anger of the dalits against daily humiliations and discrimination faced by them, widespread existence of exclusion and untouchability in social life, denial of basic human rights and manifold spurt in atrocities in the state in recent times and failure of the powers that be to take proactive measures to curb the growing menace

The criminal acts by the Gau Rakshaks and the impunity with which they are ready to take law into their hands which has received nationwide attention has also been an occasion for the senior members of the bureaucracy to speak out about the menace they have become all over the state. Chief Secretary of the state G R Gloria is reported to have told a national daily that:

'These vigilantes are self-proclaimed gau rakshaks but in actual fact they are hooligans'. According to him there are as many as 200 cow vigilante groups in the Gujarat who have 'become a law and order problem because of their aggression and the way they take law into their hands' and government is going to take strong action against them. The Chief Secretary was even categorical in admitting that lower level police personnel are hand in glove with these vigilantes.

It is worth emphasising that not some time ago even the Punjab-Haryana high court while ordering CBI probe into the death of Mustain, a transporter at the hands of members of another 'Gau Raksha Dal' in Kurukshetra, Haryana (March 2016) had underlined the growing criminalisation of the Cow Protectors who work with impunity. It said that so called cow vigilante groups constituted with the backing of political bosses and senior functionaries governing the state, including police,

"..[a]re bent upon circumventing law and fleecing poor persons ferrying their animals, be it for any personal domestic use or otherwise...Apparently even the senior functionaries of the police are hand-in-glove with such vigilante groups.


Dalit anger witnessed on the streets of Gujarat - variously described as Dalit rebellion by a section of the commentators - has had spiralling effect in other parts of the country as well, and has also helped galvanise the entire parliamentary opposition camp which has even demanded that there should be immediate ban on all such Gau Rakshak Dals and all such miscreants who operate under its name and engage in mayhem. Members of parliament on the floor of the house have denounced all these vigilante groups who are targeting Muslims as well as Dalits, brutalising them in very many ways and on occasions lynching them and explained how the policies and programmes of the powers that be has made a conducive atmosphere for their proliferation and demanded ban on them. 

Sunday, July 24, 2016

बरवक्त यहां 'गाय' कानून तोड़ने का सुरक्षित तरीका

सुभाष गताड़े

Courtesy Cartoonist Satish Acharya 
गोभक्त बालू सरवैया- जिन्होंने एक गाय भी पाली थी- ने सपने में भी नहीं सोचा होगा कि मरी हुई गाय की खाल निकालने के अपने पेशे के चलते किसी अलसुबह उन पर गोहत्या का आरोप लगाया जाएगा और उन्हें तथा उसके बच्चों को सरेआम पीटा जाएगा. इतना ही नहीं किसी गाड़ी के पीछे बांध कर अपने गांव से थाने तक उनकी परेड निकाली जाएगी.

उना, गुजरात की इस घटना ने पूरे देश को स्तब्ध कर दिया है. पिछले दिनों इस मसले पर बात करते हुए गुजरात सरकार के चीफ सेक्रेटरी जीआर ग्लोरिया ने गोरक्षा के नाम पर चल रही गुंडागर्दी को रेखांकित किया. उन्होंने बताया कि समूचे गुजरात में दो सौ से ज्यादा ऐसे गोरक्षा समूह उभरे हैं जो ‘अपने हिंसक व्यवहार के चलते और जिस तरह वो कानून को अपने हाथ में लेते हैं, उसके चलते कानून और व्यवस्था का मसला बन गए हैं.’

ग्लोरिया ने अपने बयान में यह भी जोड़ा कि ऐसे समूहों के खिलाफ हम सख्त कार्रवाई करनेवाले हैं क्योंकि भले ही यह ‘स्वयंभू गोभक्त हों मगर वास्तव में गुंडे हैं.’ शहर से गांव तक फैले उनके नेटवर्क तथा स्थानीय पुलिस के साथ उनकी संलिप्तता आदि बातों को भी उन्होंने रेखांकित किया.

ध्यान रहे कि यह पहली दफा नहीं है जब गोरक्षा के नाम पर बढ़ रही असामाजिक गतिविधियों की तरफ संवैधानिक संस्थाओं या उनके प्रतिनिधियों की तरफ से ध्यान खींचा गया हो. अभी ज्यादा दिन नहीं हुआ जब पंजाब-हरियाणा हाईकोर्ट ने भी इसी बात को रेखांकित किया था. 

अदालत का कहना था कि ‘‘गोरक्षा की दुहाई देकर बने कथित प्रहरी समूह जिनका गठन राजनीतिक आंकाओं एवं राज्य के वरिष्ठ प्रतिनिधियों की शह पर हो रहा है, जिनमें पुलिस भी शामिल है, वह कानून को अपने हाथ में लेते दिख रहे हैं.’

मालूम हो कि अदालत उत्तर प्रदेश के मुस्तैन अब्बास की हरियाणा के कुरूक्षेत्र में हुई अस्वाभाविक मौत के मसले पर उसके पिता ताहिर हुसैन द्वारा दायर याचिका पर सुनवाई कर रही थी. समाचार के मुताबिक पांच मार्च को मुस्तैन शाहबाद से भैंस खरीदने निकला, जब उसके पास 41,000 रूपए थे. 

उसे कथित तौर पर गोरक्षा दल के सदस्यों ने पकड़ा और पुलिस को सौंप दिया. याचिकाकर्ता के मुताबिक 12 मार्च को शाहबाद की पुलिस ने उसे छोड़ने का आश्वासन दिया मगर उसे बाद में धमकाया और पीटा.

Friday, July 22, 2016

कश्मीर के ताज़ा घटनाक्रम पर 'न्यू सोशालिस्ट इनिशिएटिव', दिल्ली चैप्टर का वक्तव्य

- न्यू सोशालिस्ट इनिशिएटिव

कश्मीर की घाटी फिर एक बार अशांत है। अपनी जिन्दगी की आम दिनों की दिनचर्या को छोड़ कर लोग सड़कों पर हैं। न केवल युवा बल्कि बच्चे और महिलाएं भी घरों से बाहर निकल कर भारतीय राज्य की सैन्य ताकत को चुनौती दे रहे हैं। पुलिस एवं सेना का बचा खुचा डर भी विलुप्त होता दिख रहा है। न केवल पुलिस थाने बल्कि सीआरपीएफ के शिविर भी हमले की जद में आए हैं। जनअसन्तोष से उर्जा ग्रहण करते हुए एक किस्म के जनविद्रोह की स्थिति बनती दिख रही है। एक सप्ताह के भीतर भारत के सुरक्षा बलों के हाथों चालीस लोगों की मौत हो चुकी है। पुलिस द्वारा इस्तेमाल किए जाने वाले 'गैरप्राणघातक’ कहे जाने वाली छर्रों से सैकड़ों लोगों की आँखों को ही नहीं बल्कि तमाम अन्य किस्म की गंभीर शारीरिक हानि हुई है। जबकि लोग पुलिस, अर्द्धसैनिक बलों और सेना का मुकाबला कर रहे हैं, कश्मीर में भारतीय राज्य के अन्य अंग - चुनी हुई सरकार के प्रतिनिधि, नौकरशाही, विधानसभा एवं पंचायतों के चुने हुए सदस्य - सभी कहीं सार्वजनिक स्थानों पर दिख ना जाने के डर से कहीं दुबके हुए हैं। फिलवक्त़ कश्मीर की घाटी के लोग बनाम भारतीय राज्य की संगठित हिंसा की संस्थाओं के बीच ही टकराव तेज होता दिख रहा है।

हालांकि जनअसन्तोष के ताजे सिलसिले का फौरी कारण हिजबुल मुजाहिदीन के लड़ाके बुरहान वानी का मारा जाना है, लेकिन इस गुस्से का कारण और गहरा है और उसका लम्बा इतिहास है। कश्मीरी आवाम के आत्मनिर्णय के अधिकार को कुन्द किया जाना और उनका दमन इस विवाद की जड़ में है। इस दमन ने तमाम एकांतिक रूप ग्रहण किए हैं। बीते पचीस सालों से कश्मीर की घाटी दुनिया की सबसे सैन्यीकृत जगहों में शुमार हुई है। भारतीय सेना और अर्द्धसैनिक बलों से जुड़े पाँच लााख से अधिक लोग राज्य में और पाकिस्तान के साथ जुड़ी उसकी सरहद पर तैनात हैं। राष्ट्रीय राइफल्स और सीआरपीएफ के शिविर जगह जगह फैले हुए हैं। हाईवे पर जगह जगह बनाए गए चेकपाइंटस और कभी भी की जा सकनेवाली तलाशी कश्मीरी आम जीवन का हिस्सा बन चुकी है। हजारों लोग गायब हैं, जिन्हें सुरक्षा बलों ने उठा लिया है, और पूछताछ कैम्प के अंधकूप में गोया फेंक दिया गया है, जिनमें से कई फिर अचिन्हित कब्रों में पहुंच गये हैं। घृणित सशस्त्र बल विशेष अधिकार अधिनियम/आर्म्ड फोर्सेस स्पेशल पावर्स एक्ट ने भारत की सेनाओं को - गरिमामय जीवन जीने के आम कश्मीरियों के बुनियादी अधिकार पर हमला करने की - छूट प्रदान की है। अगर घाटी का आम निवासी चुनाव और प्रशासकीय पहल की भारतीय राज्य की आम दिनों की कार्रवाई से अपने आप को अलगाव में पड़ा पाता है, तो वह अपनी जमीन पर भारतीय सुरक्षा बलों की उपस्थिति के खिलाफ गहरे रूप में क्षुब्ध है। यह असन्तोष व्यापक जनआन्दोलनों में बार बार फूटता रहता है।

हर बार भारतीय राज्य की किसी कार्रवाई ने जनअसन्तोष को भड़काने में चिंगारी का काम किया है। बीते समय अमरनाथ यात्रा ट्रस्ट को राज्य सरकार द्वारा जमीन हस्तांतरण का मसला वर्ष 2008 के व्यापक प्रदर्शनों की वजह बना। वर्ष 2009 मे कश्मीरी जनता शोपियां में दो महिलाओं के बलात्कार एवं हत्या के मसले के खिलाफ सड़कों पर उतरी। वर्ष 2010 का आक्रोश भारतीय सेना द्वारा की गयी तीन स्थानीय लोगों की हत्या और उन्हें सरहद पार के घुसपैठिये साबित करने के खिलाफ सड़कों पर फैला। अफजल गुरू को गोपनीय ढंग से दी गयी फांसी 2013 के जनाअन्दोलन की वजह बनी। सबसे शर्मनाक बात थी कि संप्रग सरकार ने अफजल गुरू की लाश को उसके परिवार को सौंपने से भी इन्कार किया था। जब भी पंचायत या विधानसभा के चुनाव सम्पन्न होेते हैं, या मिलिटेंसी से जुड़ी हिंसा की ख़बरें कम आने लगती हैं या कोई कश्मीरी युवा संघीय लोक सेवा आयोग के इम्तिहान में अव्वल स्थान पाता है, कथित मुख्यधारा का भारत, उसके राजनीतिक प्रतिष्ठान, मीडिया और बुद्धिजीवी समुदाय घाटी में ‘सामान्य स्थिति’ बहाल होने की बात करने लगते हैं। 

Friday, July 15, 2016

[NSI Statement] On the Unfolding Situation in Kashmir

- NSI Delhi Chapter

The valley of Kashmir is on the boil again. Forsaking the so-called normal routines of their lives, people are on the streets. Not just young men, but even children and women are out, challenging the military might of the Indian state. Any fear of the police and army appears to have been discarded. Police stations and even CRPF camps have been attacked. A popular upsurge, it is energised by mass fury. Forty people have lost their lives in one week at the hands of the Indian security establishment. Hundreds of others have suffered serious eye and other injuries from presumedly 'non-lethal' pellets used by the police. While people are out confronting the police, para-military and army, the other organs of the Indian state in Kashmir, the elected government and its bureaucracy, elected members of the legislature, panchayats, etc. are in a rathole, fearing public appearance. It is just the people of Kashmir valley versus the institutions of organised violence of the Indian state.

While the immediate cause of popular anger is the killing of Hizbul Mujahideen militant Burhan Wani, reasons for this anger go much deeper and have a longer history. The stifling and repression of the Kashmiri people's right to self-determination stands at the root of this conflict. This repression has taken on extreme violent forms. For twenty five years now, the Kashmir valley has been among the most militarised places in the world. More than half a million troops of Indian army and para-military forces have been stationed in the state and its border with Pakistan. Rashtriya Rifle and CRPF camps dot the land scape. Highway checkpoints and random searches are part of everyday life. Thousands of men have disappeared, been picked up by security forces, thrown in the black hole of interrogation camps, often ending up in unmarked graves. The hated AFSPA gives Indian security forces legal cover to assault basic rights of Kashmiris to live a life of elementary dignity. If an average valley resident is alienated from the normal practices of the Indian state such as elections and its administrative initiatives, s/he harbours deep resentment against the presence of Indian security forces in their homeland. This resentment has erupted in mass protests again and again. 

Each time it has been an action of the Indian state that has served as the spark. Protests in 2008 were in response to the state government's proposal to transfer land to the Amarnath Yatra Trust. In 2009 Kashmiris were protesting against the rape and muder of two women in Shopian. Protests in 2010 followed an Indian army unit killing three local men, and passing them off as infiltrators from across the border. The valley erupted once again in 2013 against the secret hanging of Afzal Guru. Most shamefully the then UPA government refused to hand over his body to his family. Each time panchayat or assembly elections are held without disruption, or instances of militancy related violence drops, or a Kashmiri youth achieves a high postion in UPSC examinations, so-called mainstream India, its political establishment, media and intellectual class begin singing the raga of 'return to normalcy' in the valley. Election rallies, brokering of state largesse, administrative measures, or personal success of a few individuals however can not fill the chasm that separates Kashmiris from the political community 'mainstream' Indians call their nation. This chasm has been deepening and widening ever since the arrest of Sheikh Abdullah in 1953 by the Nehru government, military style occupation of the valley from 1991, and has become unbridgeable even in principle with the creeping Hindutvaisation of the Indian nation. 

Citizens of India need to pay special attention to this latter process and its consequences for Kashmir. It is not uncommon to hear slogans like 'doodh maangoge kheer denge, Kashmir maangoge cheer denge' (We will give you creamy deserts if you ask for milk, we will cut you down if you ask for Kashmir) in mundane relgious functions in northern India. Increasingly public and aggressive display of religiosity seen elsewhere in India, is most clearly manifest in the annual Amarnath yatra. The yatra, seen as a mark of rigourous and serious religious commitment earlier, is now taken to be an assertion of Indian supremacy over the valley. Emboldened by this state support, Hindutva organisations have started inventing new Hindu pilgrimages in the valley. Increasing Hindutva aggression against Kashmiris can also be seen in the fatal attack on a trucker from the valley by gau rakshaks in Udhampur in October last year. In other parts of India Kashmiri students have been attacked and/or rusticated from universities for not being sufficiently 'nationalist'. Votaries of Hindutva see history, politics and social change in terms of the conflict between Hindus and Muslims. For them India’s control over Kashmir is a sign of victory of Hindus. As long as this control persists, no matter what price Kashmiris have to pay for it, they see no problem in Kashmir. This explains the utter lack of policy and strategy of the Modi government with regard to Kashmir and Pakistan. Modi's politics is based upon false bravado, loud mouthing, and theatrics. Peace in Kashmir, or with Pakistan, is none of its priorities.

Monday, June 27, 2016


100 Years of Lenin’s Essay “Imperialism is the higher stage of capitalism”

Swadesh Kumar Sinha

Lenin wrote his famous essay “Imperialism is the higher stage of capitalism” from January - June 1916 in Zurich, Switzerland. Lenin had seen the new features emerging with the development of capitalism much before the First World War broke. Before the eighth decade of 19th century, capitalism was at the stage of free competition. After this the free competition smoothly transformed into monopoly at a fast pace. In his essay, Lenin proved that the First World War (1914-18) was actually an imperialist war from both sides. This war was fought for the division of the world, re-investments, enlarge the fiscal capital influence areas, capital distribution and redistribution among the imperialist powers. This war was the result of the modern monopoly capitalism and it proved that as far as there exists a private ownership of the means of production, imperialist wars are inevitable. “Capitalism today has evolved into a new world order of venomous financial grip of colonial loot and exploitation of vast colonial population of the world by a handful of ‘developed nations’. The booty of the loot is being distributed amongst two or three (America, Britain, Japan) most powerful dacoits backed by large military and lethal weapons.” They are dragging the entire world into this war of dividing this loot (This part is quoted from Lenin’s essay “Imperialism is the higher stage of capitalism”)

The rise of imperialism and its economic, political characteristics

Summing up and compiling this entire world’s historic development process, some major facts can be underlined in the form of few distinct characteristics of this period. Firstly, capital governed the entire world. Secondly, a capitalist world developed through a combination of western Europe, America and Japan. Thirdly, in these countries Capitalist National States’ rose. Fourthly, the world was divided into dominions. Nations of Asia, Africa, Latin America became dominions of some or the other capitalist nations. Fifth, during this process the capitalist nations completed a whole journey of colonial loot to capital export generated from business. Capital entered the dominions and literally broke the thousand years of running natural economy; a new colonial setup was started whereby capital generation techniques and processes were developed in such a limited and restrictive manner only to an extent which were beneficial to the colonialists. These countries colonialism actually converted into half-feudalism. Both orders continued, however colonialism ruled supreme. Sixth, during this time three types of socio-economic structures existed. First, capitalist social economic structure, which existed in western Europe, America and Japan. Second was a capitalist socio-economic structure with strong feudal remains. This was prevalent in eastern Europe, Russia, Spain, Portugal and Greece. In these capitalist national states were in the process of rising. Third one was the colonial social structure in which the capitalist framework was very much existing. Towards the end of this period the stage of Capitalism got converted to Imperialism. In this period, in February 1917 Burjua populist revolution started in Russia and in October, the same year under the leadership of Sarvhaara, world’s first socialist revolution happened. Here it is of prime importance to know that Russia was not a developed capitalist country yet. Contrary to the speculation of Karl Marx, the first socialist revolution took place in Russia instead of France, Britain or Germany where production powers were backward and a national market was under the process of formation. Russian revolution left a deep imprint upon the world. It greatly influenced and strengthened the struggles for national liberation in colonies against imperialism or feudalism.

With the Second World War, Britain who was competent enough to maintain its dominating position and influence in the First World War began losing its power. In the end of Second World War Russia, whose red army had defeated the fascist powers of Germany, emerged as a super power. On the other hand, after the war America replaced Britain & Europe from the leading position in the capitalist world. Germany, Japan and Italy were ruined and most of Europe was devastated. Britain had suffered great loss and was on the verge of Bankruptcy. Only America came out safe from the fire of war, except the bombardment of Pearl Harbor by Japan. Continuous supply of arms and ammunitions by America to its friendly nations contributed for emerging the world out of recession of the fourth decade and in forgetting the nightmares and pessimism of those years. American industries were prospering because they were saved from the destruction of war, rather getting others for the supply of arms and ammunitions during the war. After the war devastated Europe, especially Germany and Japan, were the opportune sites for the American investment capital.

This varied economic reality and power balance was codified in the “Bretton Woods Agreement of 1944”. The power of dollar gold standard was applied in the global finance system. Power of dollar was recognized by the capitalist world. On the other side after the war, a strong socialist block was established whose power was increasing fast. The victorious Russia, who had defeated the fascist Germany, was now a great power. People’s democratic states were formed in the countries of Eastern Europe. In 1949 under the leadership of Mao Tse Dung, a national democratic revolution took place in China. This was the first revolution in a backward and underdeveloped country by a party with peasant’s leadership. Here it is to be noted that all the countries of Asia, China, North Korea, Cambodia, Laos and Cuba, a Latin American country, wherever revolution succeeded, were backward, underdeveloped and not developed, capitalist countries. Russia itself was under the process of capitalist development at the eve of revolution.

Imperialism Today:

In the decade of nineties, in Soviet Russia and all the countries of Eastern Europe, socialist states were declined. In 1976, with the death of Mao Tse Tung Ki, capitalist restoration occurred in China too. There is no socialist block in the world today. Of course, state of Cuba and North Korea are known to be socialist states, but they also cannot be said basically socialist. Their sovereignty actually depends only on their military power.

Today, America has emerged as the only Super power of the unipolar globe, but it is to be kept in mind that within one or rather say half century, the world has changed completely. After the independence of ‘South Africa’ and ‘Namibia’, the age of direct colonialism has ended completely. Today it is impossible to make an old type colony and neither is it needed. In some exceptional countries like Iraq and Afghanistan too, colonialist America could not maintain its direct power for long. In today’s world, the colonialism is totally obsolete and the new world structures are born based on the ‘Independent Sovereign State’. In these independent nation states, feudal structures are broken and capitalist structures are formed. Capital is running smoothly throughout the globe, having no obstacles in the way. It is for the first time that capitalism has spread its roots in every nook and corner of the world. In these countries, feudal values are present deep in the superstructures of course, but those are not an obstacle for the capital flow. On looking at the main features of today’s imperialism we see the below mentioned tendencies to be prominent.

The birth of Sovereign nation states:

Nation states are politically independent today. Situation of twisting hands, imposing sanctions, threats by imperialist countries occur occasionally, but this is not the main aspect. Dominance of America over the world as a military power is a reality, but it is also a fact that it is the biggest debtor country in the world. Countries like China, India, Mexico and Brazil have emerged as big economies. They also are partners in the loot of Asia, Africa and Lain America. Many companies and corporations of China and India are becoming vast multinational corporations rapidly. In 2015 itself Indian multinational companies have invested 15 Arab dollars in America, creating 91,000 jobs there. Several Indian corporate companies are participating in the loot of Africa. The people of Africa are fighting against the loot of some of these companies. The all powerful America has faced humiliation by such small countries as Iran, Cuba and North Korea. Inspite of sanctions imposed by United Nations backed by America, North Korea is still going ahead with its ‘atomic and missile programs.’ America is compelled to lift the sanctions from the ‘long range missile programs’ of Iran according to their terms and conditions. Thus we see that the nations are neither the comprador nor the commission agents of imperialism, as many leftist thinkers and political parties say.

Globalization of Capital:

 By the 90s, most of the independent nations of third world have opened their door for flowing in the foreign capital smoothly, removing all the border restrictions. This opening was named as globalization. We can understand it much easily in reference to India. After the liberation from the colonial enslavement, the capitalist of most of the newly independent countries needed savings of their people for initial capital formation. For this, the mixed economy, blending public and private capitalism, was established. According to this, huge Public Enterprises were incorporated with people’s money (public finance). By the 90s, people’s private capitalists were now full of confidence and mixed economy was no more needed, rather it was now an obstacle. So in the decade of 90s, policies of quota and permit of Nehru – ages was abandoned and, in the name of structural adjustments all the hurdles from the way of multinational capital were removed. Special economic zones (SEZ) were established in countries like India and China. No normal laws, inducing labor laws are binding here. Infact, middle class has grown in these countries, which is bigger than the total population of Europe. The investment opportunities in the western world are vanishing fast, but in the third world countries there is a wide scope for capital investments. Twenty five years of liberalization have passed away and a majority population of farmers, shopkeepers and other members of the lower middle class are dispossessed and have got ruined. But all the national and regional parties promote these policies, leaving some minor disputes aside. A big chunk of middle class also supports their policies, as they have been actual beneficiaries of this liberalization.

Expansion of the capitalist democracy:

No system is better than the democracy for the uninterrupted expansion of capital and keeping the people unrest under control. In 2011 and 2012, the Jasmine revolutions in Egypt, Tunisia, Syria and other Arabian territories were aimed at establishing there, the capitalist democrats. Its wind is blowing in whole of the world today. Ruling class of many military ruled states and other repressionary regimes are compelled to give their people democracy rights.

Rise of protectionism, religious fundamentalism and fascism:

All these three tendencies are visible simultaneously in the contemporary world. It is an expression of expanding economic and social crisis of imperialism. In Europe and America, rise of extreme rightist parties of its own kind is visible. In about a dozen countries, blind nationalist parties and leaders have become strong. Not considering the real reason behind the pessimism cloud and doubt, these party leaders are declaring some pseudo enemy, the actual culprit. They are making noise about the flood of immigrants, the weakening of free competition in trade, the danger to the national boundary and national culture from these immigrants and other intruders. Donald Trump in America, National Party front and its leader Marine Leapen in France, Girt Bildars of Nederland, Vlams Block of Belgium, freedom party of Austria, Sweden democrats and Denis party of Denmark are among these parties and leaders. Popularity of such type of parties is increasing rapidly in Poland, Hungary and Turkey also. In America, “Donald Trump” who is far ahead in the process of the selection of the republican candidate for president ship, is demanding the ban upon Muslim immigrants naming them as dangerous for the civil security and American cultural identity. Today, in western Asia, Middle east and Africa, Islamic orthodox extremist movement ‘Boko-haram’, ‘Al-Qaida’, ‘Islamic State (IS)’ have created instability from Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan to Syria, Iraq, Libya, Turkey, Tanzania, Egypt. These organizations and their terrorist activities have created in whole of these areas, a frightening crisis. In Myanmar (Burma), Buddhist extremists are rising fast. The Buddhist extremist leader ‘Viratu’ is called the ‘Osama bin Laden’ of Myanmar. His followers are killing Muslims on a large scale.

Fascism and extremism are easily cultivated in capitalist democracies. In history, we have seen this in both Italy and Germany. Today India is a notorious example of this phenomenon. Here, the fascist party BJP of RSS family has become victorious and is in power today. It is sowing deep, the seeds of hatred against the leftist, rationalists and minorities in full speed. Many a leftist organization and thinkers believe that America and Western Europe are the only responsible countries for the spread of Muslim fundamentalism in west Asia and whole of the world. Though, this thought is one sided, however it is true that, in the 90s, America was supplying arms and ammunition to Taliban and Al-Qaida in Afghanistan against the Soviet military and helping them to fight out the soviet army. But we must not forget the Shia-Sunni tussle in Islamic world of 14th Century as a source of Islamic States and Al-Qaida. Today terrorists of Islamic State are the killing Kurds and Shia Muslims on a large scale. If these terrorists are dreaming of a Sunni Khalifat, one must see that behind the curtain, Iran and Saudi Arabia are playing their Shia-sunni Cards. Many a leftist organizations take them as the enemy of imperialism and asked to support them. They must not forget the lesson of 1979, when in Iran, communists had supported the orthodox Khumaini for the Islamic revolution against Shah, who just after coming to power suppressed and assassinated the communists. Today collaboration of America, Britain and other western powers together with Russia are bombarding heavily the power zones of Islamic State, using ultra-modern fighter plane and drones, in Syria, Libya, Iraq and thus pushing the world towards a grave crisis.

Rise of information and Cultural Imperialism:

in last 2 decades, in the developed capitalist countries, especially in America, Computer, Tele-communication, Internet and mobile phones have revolutionized the face of the world. The world has become a ‘global village’ due to ‘Information Technology’. The use of this technology in war especially that of man less drone, has changed the whole scenario of the war. Many sociologists are naming this phenomenon as the ‘Information Imperialism” or “Cultural Hegemony’. The western world is imposing a culture, language and thoughts of its own kind on whole of the world. Round the clock running television channels are promoting consumerism globally. But if the imperialists are getting advantage of this information technology, the agents of social change are also using it. In the recent years, the movements for democracy in Arabian world too were benefited with the same information technology.

The probabilities of the struggle against imperialism today:

By thoroughly analyzing the state of the world today, it is quite clear that Lenin’s explanation of imperialism given in 1916 is still valid today in its economical aspect. Monopoly of Capital has been expanded manifold. All imperialism is not a monolith, even today. It is infected with serious contradictions.  Deepening contradictions and quick repetitions of recession continuously are worsening the crisis. Feudalism and colonialism are being rubbed off from the canvas and capitalism has actually engulfed the world. All the previous revolutions, whether in Russia, China or other countries of Asia and Latin America, succeeded during the periods of worst crisis of the capitalism. But today the situation has been changed. Wherever the next great revolution will succeed, it will be the first revolution, directly against capitalism and against a democratic state of this or that kind. Lenin wrote that ‘Imperialism means war.’ Today too, this is a true saying. Today regional wars and civil wars are a norm in the entire world, which are nothing less than a world war destruction and pain. The grave problem of refugees from the war torn areas of Syria, Iraq, Libya, Afghanistan, Yemen, Tanzania, Sudan etc. is reflecting this reality well. The imperialist system of hyper exploitation under the American leadership (which is engaged in armed intervention and drone war in more than a dozen countries simultaneously and which is planning to invest about 200 Arab Dollars in the next decade for modernizing it’s nuclear war heads) is creating a dangerous volatile situation at the global stage endangering probability of various kind of wars. Even change in climate and environment deterioration is enhancing the probability of wars. Though only the climate change may cause the total devastation of our planet and human civilization. In the words of Lenin, in this situation, it is the duty of left that, they “face not only the economical but the political, national and all other contradictions, struggles, anger too,” which are continuously becoming the norms of our time. It means to create and expand such bold and militant global movement from ground level, whose main challenge will be to save the human society from the total destruction viz. imperialism which is understood as the foundation stone of capitalism of our times.

In the ‘communist manifesto’ written by Marx and Engels in 1848, Marx had called the proletariat to wage a war, against the regimes of capitalism in their countries, aiming at the building of a horizontal, equalitarian peaceful and stable social system, controlled by the united producers of the world themselves.

(This essay is based upon the writer’s own study and deliberations with other scholars. Readers are invited to participate in the discourse on the topics and matters raised in the essay)

For the Hindi version click HERE